Hindus celebrate various festivals with utmost zeal and zest making the aura full of vibrant vibes and tranquility. According to Hindu Calendar, 4 Navratri fall every year namely Sharada Navaratri (September–October), Vasanta Navaratri, or Chaitra Navratri (March–April), Ashadh Navratri (Jun-July), and Paush/Magh Navratri (Jan-Feb). Out of these, Sharada and Chaitra Navratri are celebrated across India.
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In India every year People worship goddess Durga for nine days, generally, these auspicious days fall into March or April months. It is one famous festival in India where devotees worship the Deity Durga with all heart. Goddess Durga has a great significance in Hindu mythology. She is a symbol of power and strength. Also known as “Devi” or “shakti” Maa Durga is considered as a shielding mother of the whole world.
The Chaitra Navratri is one of the most significant Navratri among the four seasonal Navratri. Out of four Navratri, the two are known as “Gupt Navratri” which are not celebrated but the “Chaitra Navratri” and “Sharad Navratri” are celebrated with great ardor. The auspicious nine days of Chaitra Navratri are dedicated to nine different forms of Goddess Durga. Various rituals, worship, offerings are made for Maa Durga, people seek blessing for good health and prosperity.
Chaita Navratri is also term as Vasant Navratri And Rama Navratri, because the birthday of Hindu Lord Ram falls on the last day of Navratri.
The year 2020- Chaitra Navratri:
This year 2020, the Chaitra Navratri will begin from 25th March till 2nd April.
The whole India celebrates these auspicious 9 days, and devotees worship and keep fast for Maa Durga during the entire 10 days, and pray to her for well being and prosperity.
Indians celebrate their new year from the beginning of Chaitra Navratri. It symbolizes the new year, also the seasonal changes take place. People welcome the spring season which represents the renewal, rebirth, joy, and love, flowers blossom, fruits grow, everything new!
Chaitra Navratri has another important significance as the mother earth undergoes a huge climate change. People fast for Goddess and scientifically it is believed that fasting during this time prepares a human body for the upcoming summer season. To keep the body healthy during fast and develop a good immune system, people prefer eating lots of fresh fruits, vegetables, and nuts during a fast period.
These 9 days play an important role for every Indian, the celebration, prayers, offerings, dancing, fasting, everything dedicated to Goddess Durga- the divine force. And at the end of the Chaitra Navratri, the tenth day the idol of Durga is immersed.
In the last few years, Idols are not immersed in water bodies to save them from being polluted. Small immersing pits are made available where people can perform the rituals without harming the sea, lakes, and ponds.
Chaitra Navratri’s Mythological significance
The Navratri symbolizes the triumph of good over evil. According to Hindu Mythology, it is believed that during this period Lord Shiva allowed her wife- the Goddess Durga to visit her mother for only nine days. And in this period, she killed the evil demon named Mahishasur. Due to her victory over evil, goddess Durga is seen as a symbol of power, she is worshiped as “Shakti” which literally means strength. The nine days are full of divinity, and devotees all around the country celebrate with passion. It is also believed that the goddess Durga can neither be created nor destroyed. She has three principal forms that are worshiped, namely Maha Durga, Chandika, and Aparajita.
The beginning of Chaitra Navratri is incomplete without ghatashthapana, it is an important ritual to follow before starting the nine-day celebration of Goddess Durga. According to holy scriptures, Ghatasthapana is auspicious for the beginning of Chaitra Navratri and should perform to solicit the Deity. Also, this ritual should be done on the right and auspicious time only. Night and “Amavasya”(full moon night) should be ignored for this particular worship. Ghatasthapana is also term as “Kalash Sthapana” in which a vessel is established to start worship or anything. generally, it is for the commencement of something auspicious.
This year 2020, Chaitra “Ghatasthapana is falling on 25th of march, which is Wednesday, Uttara Bhadrapada Nakshatra (Shukla Paksha), the year 2077 of the Vikram Samvata according to the Hindu calendar.